講演者 Peter Shiu-Hwa Tsu (National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan)
タイトル：Reason Holism, Individuation and Embeddedness
According to Dancy’s holism of reason, moral reasons behave in a holistic way. By this, he means that a feature that is a moral reason in one context might not be so in another or might even be an opposite moral reason. Over the past few years, there has been an increasing consensus that although holism might be true of how some moral reasons behave, it is not true of how all reasons work. Nonetheless, Dancy attempted to stem the tide by recasting holism as a de re claim about how reasons behave in nature. Although his attempt is innovative and seems to have some going for it, I will argue that it ultimately fails. In my paper, I will argue that it is not entirely clear how this claim about nature can be cashed out and that even if it can be cashed out it still suffers from a problem of individuation. I will advocate what I call ‘the embedded thesis’ against Dancy’s holism of reason. According to the embedded thesis, the feature that serves as a reason in one context cannot be isolated from its embedded context. This, I suggest, provides a desiderata for theories of how reasons behave.
Keywords: Jonathan Dancy, Reason Holism, Individuation, Embeddedness